tv BBC World News America PBS May 1, 2012 5:30pm-6:00pm EDT
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>> this is "bbc world news america" reporting from washington. president obama makes a surprise trip to afghanistan. and exactly a year after the u.s. raid which killed osama bin laden. the british lawmakers say that rupert murdoch was responsible for the phone hacking scandal. >> rupert murdoch should not be running an international company like b sky b. >> shining a light on the occupy movement. they are having an impact on the world of art. welcome to our viewers on pbs
in america. the president made a surprise visit to afghanistan. he is there to sign an agreement on future dealings with the country. for more on the trip and the future of relations between washington and kabul, i am joined by former u.s. defense secretary, richard cohen. he sizes agreement which marked involvement in afghanistan. 2024. what will that mean? >> that was always the plan. the notion that we would be there just for a short time, that meaning a decade. changing afghanistan on the ground will take decades and not just one. the plan was always to increase the troop level, then try to stabilize responsibility over to
the army and police, reduce our presence, so we could have a prevention force that would prevent a resurgence of al qaeda, taliban, and serve to discourage the taliban from pakistan coming over into afghanistan. i think that this is coming down over the next decade or more. we're likely to see american troops. >> we don't know how many troops will be in that, but to what extent is signing this agreement today sending a message to the taliban, we are here for awhile? >> and sending a message to the american people that we have made a commitment. this will be controversial here as well. >> a majority say they don't support the war. >> exactly.
can the president and other political leaders. this is where bipartisanship becomes important. will there be a bipartisan group to convince the american people? it is important to have a remaining force in afghanistan. >> what impact can a few thousand troops really have on the pakistan is -- on the pakistanis and the taliban? >> very few people on the ground thought that the drones were useful, but they have had a major impact on interrupting terrorist activity. you can have a smaller force and nonetheless, be able to have a much larger impact than having a
massive show of force on the grounds. we have been building animosity towards our troops on the ground come up being counterproductive in terms of effectiveness. >> on the anniversary of the killing of osama bin laden, how much safer do you think that americans and the westar? >> i think that we are not yet safe. we will never be safe as long as individuals have access to technology and are allowed to travel internationally and utilize that technology. we have to be a resilience nation. it will be a long struggle against terrorism. we have to be prepared for a lifetime of individuals having access and the capability to inflict damage. >> thank you so much for coming in. as the president signed that agreement for future involvement, on the ground, a
joint missions between afghan and foreign troops are increasingly common. they carry dangers of their own. 18 nato soldiers have been killed by members of the afghan military this year. we have been out on patrol with british troops to see how the attacks are affecting the relationship on the battlefield. >> afghan and british soldiers, on the lookout for the taliban. for days on end, these men fight, work, and live together. trust between them has been eroded. there has been a dramatic increase in afghanistan in their soldiers thus turning their guns on fellow soldiers -- there has been a dramatic increase in afghan soldiers turning their guns on their fellow soldiers. >> there has been an increase in awareness. we showed that we trust them. >> a surgeon and a corporal were
murdered by an afghan army sgt. two of 18 soldiers killed by afghan security forces this year. the military has apologized for the killings, but they offer little reassurance that it will not happen again. >> our intelligence agencies are working to prevent the penetration of our security forces but i cannot promise that such incidents will not be happening again. >> the british troops might even do the same thing against afghan soldiers. there is little more i can say because it is beyond my control. >> the soldiers take a break from the patrol. british troops are taking more precautions. at all times, someone will remain armed. this is a concern for all soldiers here. >> once you build up a relationship with them, they are
just as trustworthy as the soldiers i work with today today. >> to get to know them, they are quite a decent bunch. what do you trust them 100%? >> i would say 70%. >> insurgents said that they have remained hidden in the afghan military, waiting to strike. commandos here in the south of afghanistan insist that the taliban have not infiltrated the afghan security forces but that is open to question. some of those that killed nato soldiers are at least taliban sympathizers. as the army and police broke, the number of these a tax increase. in this troubled bore, the relationship between these men has ever been more critical. british troops are relying on afghans to take their place on the battlefield so they can return home. this is a fight facing problems
on many fronts. this will make it all the harder to win. >> in an aged being negotiated as we speak. -- a relationship being negotiated as we speak. libya argues that colonel gaddafi's son should be tried in the country. on the latest stage of his visit to burma, the u.n. secretary- general has held talks with the aung san suu kyi. there was a threatened boycott of parliament was threatened to stall reforms. lawyers of dominique strauss- kahn are looking to dismiss a lawsuit that was brought against him. the judge rejected mr. strauss
con's argument that the enjoy diplomatic immunity. -- dominique strauss-kahn's argument that he enjoyed diplomatic community. a blind dissident is the center of a diplomatic storm in china. he managed to escape house arrest last week and is reported to be under american protection still inside of china. can they keep this issue off the table? >> surrounded by chinese security, the u.s. embassy in beijing is now the center of a crisis. this man, the blind lawyer chen guangcheng, is believed to be sheltering with u.s. diplomats, after his dramatic escape. he issued a direct challenge to the chinese leader, to punish
those responsible for illegally detaining and beating him. it is a major embarrassment for him. his wife and daughter are still being held, intimidated by those who are hired by communist party chiefs. chen exposed abuses and forced abortions. we try to reach his daughter and wife, we were blocked from entry. he fears reprisals. his nephew has been tailed by authorities and was terrified. shortly after this interview, the lawyer was questioned by police and told to stop representing the family. as we left the area, we were followed by this silver car. senior u.s. diplomats have been arriving in beijing and tense negotiations are said to be under way.
even president obama, rarely a loss for words, has been evasive. >> i have been reading these press reports but i will not make a statement on the issue. >> secretary clinton is here for talks -- is heading here for talks with the leaders, which could be derailed if this crisis does not get resolved. that might not be simple. just after his escape, he met another human rights activist. in recent years, chen guangcheng had become a symbol of human rights abuses. if he does not want to go, it could become a drawn-out crisis. >> the human rights act is causing a lot of trouble between america and china. rupert murdoch is not fit to run an international company, that was a scathing report from
a group of british lawmakers today. the parliamentary select committee found that his company misled parliament about the scale of phone hacking at one of his newspapers. the finding was less than unanimous and news corp. shot back and called some of the language unjustified and highly partisan. >> rupert murdoch, until recently was seen as the world's most powerful media mogul. today, he was declared as not a fit person to run an international business because he and his colleagues turned a blind eye to phone hacking by journalists at the "news of the world." individual than any alive, rupert murdoch is to blame. morally, these deeds are his. he paid the piper, he called the tune. >> the committee was even more
damning about three of his colleagues. the former editor of the closed news of the world, the legal affairs manager for mr. murdoch's british newspaper, and his right-hand man. all are accused of misleading because in part they had been aware of an e-mail that hacking was more widespread than the company admitted. they said this was the work of a single reporters. they have been found guilty of misleading mp's. they have all rejected the verdict. it was a disposal last year that they have to the phones of a murdered teenager and it turned it into a story of national important.
this sent them a roster of prominent people whose privacy has been invaded by phone hacking, which has grown and grown. >> they were not used to being seen to criticize mr. murdoch and the press. this has come as a shock. is it too much? has it gone too far? no, it has not. mr. murdoch has a lot of questions to answer. he is being held to account. "why did committee reached this explosive for -- >> why did this committee reach this explosive verdict? >> in the view of the majority of the committee members, rupert murdoch is not fit to run an international company like b sky b. >> the issue on which most conservative members felt they could support the report itself was the line put in the middle of the report that said that mr.
rupert murdoch is not a fit person to run an international company. >> the media is investigating whether british sky broadcasting is fit and proper to hold a broadcasting license. in theory, if mr. murdoch's deemed not to be fit and proper, that could push a decision for a piece that be to retain their license, news corp. must sell most of their shares. the "news of the world" scandal still making news. >> despite the partisan split, rupert murdoch enjoyed just as close relationships with labor prime ministers as he did with conservative prime minister's and britain. still to come, we will show you how the occupy movement is
making an impression with art. to france now where the rally is provided the backdrop for the last-minute electioneering ahead of the presidential runoff. all eyes are on right wing voters, some 6 million of them. the way they vote could decide the next president. >> the traditional labor day rallies, always a big event in france, but more so this year. unemployment rose in april for the 11th consecutive month, in line with the anger and frustration in europe. no party has captured the sentiment more than the far right. the new generation paraded past the statue of joan of arc.
among working-class voters, le pen is winning the argument. the rhetoric was steeped in history. in the end, she offered no endorsement for either candidate. mr. sarkozy would be able to win if points were awarded for stagecraft. however, they're not. he has been questioned on immigration, labor, and economy. today, hollande made decision to stay away from labor day. he said it was a day for the workers, not the politicians. perhaps, it is of the coffin is that he holds in the polls. tomorrow, this is the only time that the case will go head-to- head in this election.
mr. sarkozy needs a career best performance. without it, his presidency has just days to run. moste of britain's advanced warships is well on her way to the falkland islands. it is the first of the royal navy's latest high-tech type 45 destroyers to be sent to the south atlantic. this comes as the same time as rising tensions with argentina. we have been given exclusive to the warship as it makes this journey south. >> it is one of the largest and most powerful warships. it is on his long journey to the other side of the world. the destination, the falkland islands. >> many of the crew were not even born when argentina invaded. there are still a few veterans.
>> we are on the upper deck watching that go down to. they will resume their attacks. we have watched fighters coming in. >> steve cooper was just a teenager when his ship was sunk in 1982. that was his very first deployment and this will be his last. both he and another veteran insist that this time, it is just routine. >> we are doing a task we have been given and it is not a provocative task. we are doing what we do for one of our own islands. >> we were down to to a deployment and we will do this one. >> the design is born out of the bitter experience of the war when britain lost half a dozen
ships to low-flying planes and sea-skimming missiles. in theory, this one destroyer kidded deal with the threat posed by the entire argentine air force. from 60 miles, they can identify and fire on dozens of targets. they can even track an object traveling and more than twice the speed of sound. at 1 million pounds apiece, the ships have only been tested once. >> we will maintain our course. >> the capt. is keen to stress that this as as much about soft power. here off the coast of west africa, they have been training to combat maritime crimes. in this scenario, the moroccan commandos are searching for a list of weapons.
>> this is like the defense of any of their sovereign territory. this is an important element of what we're doing on this deployment but this is not the only element. >> tensions with argentina over the falklands may be rising. no one here thinks that they will be firing weapons in anchor. when they reach the south atlantic, they will be well prepared. -- no one here thinks that they will be firing their weapons in anger. >> it is mayday and across the world, this international workers' holiday was turned into a day of protest. italian demonstrators briefly clashed with police. thousands marched to hear union leaders denouncing the austerity program. spanish protesters put out a similar message, pointing out that two years of spending cuts and tax hikes have put one out of every four into an
employment. in new york, occupy wall street protesters also took to the streets, holding simultaneous demonstrations out of a number of institutions. they gathered for a pop up in camp and reminiscent of the movement's early days. since the camps were dismantled, the activists have been trying to find new ways to continue their protest. in new york, they have turned to art to make themselves heard. every night, the streets become a venue for cultural warfare. ♪ ♪ >> new york, the center of the global art world. since last october, it has been at the center of something else, the occupy movement. what of the protests leave a lasting impact on american politics, what is for certain is that they already having an impact on art and culture.
>> this is really simple. this is 99%. this is big and it reads as a bad signal. instead of a super hero millionaire, psychopathic millionaire, this is ourselves, the 99% coming to save itself. we are our own super hero. >> meet the eliminators. -- eliminate -- illuminaters. is this performance art or activism? for the generation of those involved, that is a stupid question. >> this is to be shared. this is to be made available as much as possible.
people are putting up their work. in the movement, the poster is where the white walled gallery meets the white block, where fine art meets street art. >> i think that it took us outside of ourselves, outside of the gallery system, outside of this self-referential way of working, and it made as engage with the outside world. with my work for occupy, i i am producing a functional and persuasive piece of work that will be pasted on buildings and held up by demonstrators. . >> as they were expelled from the original camp, they have been playing cat and mouse with the nypd nightly and there is always an element of performance in the protest. as a real police moved in, so do
actors playing ace? police force -- as the real police force moves in, so do actors playing spoof police. artistic rubble is tomorrow's guy in the academy. however, it cannot call them without a cause. >> a quick look at our main story, present a bomb has made a surprise visit to afghanistan. -- president obama has made a surprise visit to afghanistan. he made an agreement for the extension of u.s. troops. he makes the visit a year after the killing of osama bin laden. before "bbc world news america," thank you for watching.
>> make sense of international news at bbc.com/news. >> funding was made possible by -- the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu, newman's own foundation, and union bank. >> at union bank, our relationship managers use their expertise in global finance to guide you through the business strategies and opportunities of international commerce. we put our extended, global network to work for a wide range of companies, from small businesses to major corporations. what can we do for you?